Kwanzaa is a vibrant and culturally significant holiday celebrated by African Americans and people of African descent around the world. This seven-day festival, which starts on December 26th and ends on January 1st, was created in 1966 by Dr. Maulana Karenga to honor African heritage and foster a sense of unity and community. Central to the celebration of Kwanzaa are its rich traditions, including lighting the Kinara, sharing the Nguzo Saba (seven principles), and exchanging meaningful gifts. Another integral aspect of Kwanzaa is the decoration of homes and communal spaces with beautiful and symbolic items. In this article, we will explore the art of Kwanzaa decorations, providing inspiration and ideas for creating a festive and culturally rich atmosphere during this special holiday.

The Colors of Kwanzaa

Before diving into the specific decorations, it’s essential to understand the symbolic colors of Kwanzaa, which are red, green, and black. These colors represent the following:

  • Red: Symbolizes the struggle and the bloodshed endured by Africans during their fight for freedom and independence.
  • Green: Represents the rich land of Africa, as well as hope and the future.
  • Black: Signifies the people of African descent and their beautiful and diverse skin tones.

These colors are a unifying theme in Kwanzaa decorations and can be incorporated into various aspects of the holiday decor.

Kinara and Mishumaa Saba (The Seven Candles)

The Kinara, a seven-branched candleholder, is a central feature of Kwanzaa decorations. Each of the seven candles represents one of the Nguzo Saba, or the seven principles of Kwanzaa. Here’s how you can incorporate the Kinara into your Kwanzaa decor:

  • The Kinara: Place the Kinara in a prominent position, such as the center of your dining table or on a mantle. It serves as the focal point for the Kwanzaa celebration.
  • Mishumaa Saba: These are the seven candles, with three red candles on the left, three green candles on the right, and a single black candle in the center. Light one candle each day, starting with the black candle in the center, and alternating sides. Use decorative candleholders or simple, elegant candlesticks to display them.

Kwanzaa Symbols and Artwork

To infuse your home with the spirit of Kwanzaa, consider incorporating various symbols and artwork that represent African culture and heritage:

  • African Art: Hang African art pieces on your walls, such as paintings, masks, or sculptures. These can be modern or traditional pieces that showcase the diversity of African artistic expression.
  • African Fabrics: Adorn your furniture with African textiles like kente, mudcloth, or Ankara print cushions and throws. These fabrics add color and vibrancy to your space while paying homage to African craftsmanship.
  • African Drum: If you have an African drum or djembe, display it prominently in your living area. It not only serves as a beautiful decoration but can also be used for musical performances during Kwanzaa gatherings.
  • Kwanzaa Symbols: Decorate with symbols of Kwanzaa, such as the Kwanzaa flag, unity cups, or African figurines. These symbols serve as reminders of the holiday’s principles and values.

Table Decorations

The Kwanzaa table is where family and friends gather to celebrate and share meals. Here are some ideas for decorating your Kwanzaa table:

  • Kente Tablecloth: Lay a vibrant kente cloth or a red, green, and black tablecloth as the base for your Kwanzaa table setting. This establishes the ambiance for the festive occasion.
  • Place Settings: Use red, green, and black plates, napkins, and utensils to coordinate with the Kwanzaa color scheme. Consider incorporating traditional African dishware for an authentic touch.
  • Centerpiece: Create a striking centerpiece using fresh fruits and vegetables, as they are an essential part of Kwanzaa celebrations. Arrange them in a decorative basket or cornucopia.
  • Unity Cup: Place the unity cup on the table, along with the unity candleholder. The unity cup is used to pour libations during the Kwanzaa ceremony, emphasizing unity and connection.
  • Mkeka (Straw Mat): Lay a mkeka, a traditional straw mat, beneath the table setting. It represents the foundation upon which African heritage is built.

Symbols of Kwanzaa

Throughout Kwanzaa, various symbols are used to teach and reflect on the seven principles. Incorporate these symbols into your decorations:

  • Mazao (Crops): Display fresh fruits and vegetables on your dining table to symbolize the harvest and the collective labor of the community.
  • Muhindi (Ears of Corn): Place ears of corn on the table, with one ear of corn for each child in the household to represent the potential and promise of the younger generation.
  • Zawadi (Gifts): Display Kwanzaa gifts, wrapped in red, green, and black paper, under the Kwanzaa tree or on a designated gift table.

Kwanzaa Tree

While Kwanzaa traditionally does not involve a Christmas tree, some families choose to incorporate a Kwanzaa tree into their celebrations. If you opt for this, take into account the following:

  • Tree Decoration: Use ornaments and decorations that align with the Kwanzaa color scheme and principles. You can find or create ornaments featuring symbols of Kwanzaa or African culture.
  • Unity Candle: Place a unity candle on the tree as a symbol of coming together as a family and community during Kwanzaa.
  • Gifts: Under the Kwanzaa tree, arrange the gifts for family members, making sure they are wrapped in the symbolic colors of red, green, and black.


Kwanzaa is a time to celebrate African heritage, community, and culture. Decorating your home for Kwanzaa with meaningful and symbolic items not only enhances the festive atmosphere but also educates and reinforces the principles of the holiday. From the Kinara and Mishumaa Saba to African artwork and table decorations, there are numerous ways to infuse your space with the spirit of Kwanzaa. By embracing these traditions and incorporating them into your home, you can create a warm and inviting environment that truly honors the essence of Kwanzaa. So, get creative, embrace the colors, and celebrate this special holiday with a beautifully decorated space that reflects the richness of African culture and heritage.

The Image used in this Article is from Pinterest.

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